It is normal for heat pumps to ice up during the winter season. You may notice the entire coil to be covered in light frost in extreme weather conditions.
You should call an HVAC professional if you notice the entire unit encased in ice for a long time. If there is ice on the top of the unit, and the insides of the coil, you have a problem in your hands.
Calling the pros for a diagnosis can help you save energy and avoid severe damage to the unit.
Heat pumps will ice-up naturally during the winter but will enter into a defrost cycle to remove ice from the coils. If the coils are frozen, proper heat transfer between the outside air and refrigerant can’t happen.
Newer models use solid-state control modules that have temperature sensors. More advanced units have the Demand Defrost system, which calculates the outside air, run time, and refrigerant temperature in the coil.
HVAC professional can determine the cause of your frozen heat pumps, which may be caused by the following:
To save energy, defrost cycles run only when needed. These cycles usually last 10 to 15 minutes, depending on weather conditions. Heat strips start up and keep the air warm. They work until the unit unfreezes.
These cycles are usually enough to keep your unit running efficiently all winter long.
Frozen Heat Pumps Common Fixes
Heat pumps are considered the most efficient alternative to oil, fuel, and electrical systems when it comes to cooling and heating. Efficiency ratings can go up to 300%.
Choosing a heat pump that can work efficiently during the colder months is essential as some units experience trouble during winter.
Excess ice, however, can cause damage to your HVAC system and may cause your unit to stop completely.
Next, you should inspect the fins of the condensing fan. Clear it from leaves or debris that may be blocking the unit.
Turn the fan manually, if no air comes out of the blower vents, you may have a blower motor problem that needs attention.
Inspect for gutters that are overflowing and pouring out into the outside unit. Repair your gutter and make sure no dripping will occur.
If your heat pump has settled into the ground, you should elevate it by using blocks.
Remove any ice that has accumulated on top of your outdoor unit. Using a garden hose to melt the ice is better than jabbing the ice with a sharp object. Clear excess snow that has built up around your unit.
Fan coils are delicate pieces of equipment that can be damaged easily. Never use a sharp or pointed object to chip away ice from the coils.
For climates that require moderate heating and cooling, heat pumps are an excellent alternative to furnaces and air conditioning units. They function much like your refrigerator by using electricity to move heat from a cool space to a warm place.
Heat pumps can provide equal space conditioning at one-quarter of the cost of conventional heating and cooling equipment.
As winter approaches, heat pumps are at the center of activities once more.
You don’t have to panic when you see your heat pump covered in frost. In most cases, this is normal, so you don’t have to worry about that huge repair bill that you are anticipating.
Heat pumps are designed to handle the ice buildup that occurs during winter. If the unit detects ice buildup, it will automatically enter into defrost mode.
In normal conditions, your heat pump switches to air conditioning mode for a couple of minutes. This process heats the outdoor coils for melting any frost that has built up.
A little frost on your heat pump is no big deal. As long as it melts after a few hours, then you’re all good.
On the other hand, a thick layer of ice that stays on your heat pump is no small matter.
If your heat pump is having repeated issues, it may be time to upgrade to a new system. HVAC service providers can give you the best recommendations so you can make the best decision with your new unit.